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Of the approximately 900 West Point graduates who were then civilians, 400 returned to the Union Army and 99 to the Confederate.Therefore, the ratio of Union to Confederate professional officers was 642 to 283. Lee, who had initially been offered the assignment as commander of a field army to suppress the rebellion. He eventually became the commander of the Confederate army.) The South did have the advantage of other military colleges, such as The Citadel and Virginia Military Institute, but they produced fewer officers. At least two million and possibly as much as two and a half million men served in the Union Army; almost all (upwards of 94%) were volunteers. Approximately 20% of these officers, mostly Southerners, resigned and joined the Confederate army. The Union Army fought and defeated the Confederate Army during the war.A collection of Departments reporting to one commander (e.g., Military Division of the Mississippi, Middle Military Division, Military Division of the James).Military Divisions were similar to the more modern term Theater; and were modeled close to, though not synonymous with, the existing theaters of war.
Grant had critics who complained about the high numbers of casualties that the Union Army suffered while he was in charge, but Lincoln would not replace Grant, because, in Lincoln's words: "I cannot spare this man. The decisive victories by Grant and Sherman resulted in the surrender of the major Confederate armies.
The war proved to be longer and more extensive than anyone North or South had expected, and on July 22, 1861, Congress authorized a volunteer army of 500,000 men.
Lincoln's call forced the border states to choose sides, and four seceded, making the Confederacy eleven states strong.
However, brigades were changed easily as the situation demanded; the regiment was the main form of permanent grouping. Scott was an elderly veteran of the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War and could not perform his duties effectively. Although he was popular among the soldiers, Mc Clellan was relieved from his position as general-in-chief because of his overcautious strategy and his contentious relationship with his commander-in-chief, President Lincoln.
Brigades were usually formed once regiments reached the battlefield, according to where the regiment might be deployed, and alongside which other regiments. (He remained commander of the Army of the Potomac through the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.) His replacement, Major General Henry W. He was famous for his victories in the West when he was appointed lieutenant general and general-in-chief of the Union Army in March 1864. Meade) in delivering the final blows to the Confederacy by engaging Confederate forces in many fierce battles in Virginia, the Overland Campaign, conducting a war of attrition that the larger Union Army was able to survive better than its opponent.